Playing Cards and Glass of Beer

Juan Gris (Spanish, 1887 - 1927)

1913. Oil on canvas, 21 5/8 x 14 7/8". 931.061

In 1912, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, and Juan Gris began constructing images by combining painting with real objects. The invention of this type of collage marked a major new direction in the evolution of Cubism. The result was a pictorial art made up of multiple “realities.” Here, there are real things (patterned wallpaper and playing cards), things realistically painted (mug, pipe, and faux marble), and abstract things (white silhouetted objects). The whole is held together visually by a pattern of strong vertical and horizontal lines.

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